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USDA Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) Vendor Criteria: An Examination of US Administrative Agency Variations

Matthew Landry, Kim Phan, Jared McGuirt, Alex Ostrander, Lillian Ademu, Mia Seibold, Kathleen McCallops, Tara Tracy, Sheila Fleischhacker, Allison Karpyn

March 2021

The food retail environment has been directly linked to disparities in dietary behaviors and may in part explain racial and ethnic disparities in pregnancy-related deaths. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), administered by the United States Department of Agriculture, is associated with improved healthy food and beverage access due to its requirement for minimum stock of healthy foods and beverages in WIC-eligible stores.